Immigration to Canada probably began 20 to 40 thousand years ago, when the Asian forefathers of today’s Native Americans crossed over the Bering Strait on what was still a dry-land forest. It was here that at the beginning of the 20th Century, parliament would pass one of the first immigration laws, making the safety and well-being of immigrants the responsibility of the government, regulating the number of people a vessel could carry and ensuring passengers adequate sustenance.
Traditionally, Canada has been the United States’ younger brother as far as immigration is concerned. Since the beginning of the Trump presidency, this has changed. The ‘Americans First’ policies of the Trump administration, which have an anti-immigrant bend to them, together with the immigrant friendly policies of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, have resulted in increased interest in immigration to Canada.
Other than the primary reasons – positive immigration policies and high standard of living – immigrants are attracted by the economic opportunity presented by Canada and the high quality education. The flexible economic policies of successive Canadian governments attract business owners and workers and its universities rank amongst very the best.
Canada is the second largest country in the world but its population of only 35,151,728 people, just 3.99 people per square kilometer, make it the 39th most populated country. Most of the Canadian population live within a narrow strip of land within 100 miles of the US border.
The sheer size of Canada means that here isn’t just one climate. Temperatures in summer and winter vary. Toronto for example, is the warmest of all Canadian cities but there is still snow on the ground, most days between mid-December and mid-March. Other cities will be much colder in the winter.